As a result of worsened socio-economical conditions, family planning (FP) services in Uzbekistan became less accessible. Problems had been faced in the adequate mix of contraceptives and in the advisory services. While the latter had been dispensed in non-participatory manner, the lack in supply of even the hitherto dominating intra-uterine device led to growing abortion rates as well as to a return of too frequent pregnancies with all typical consequences for women's health (e.g. mortality rate, anaemia). Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS continued to be near-taboo subjects.
The project objective was to increase the frequency of use of modern contraceptive methods, thus to improve the health situation and reduce long-term population growth. The contraceptive prevalence rate, initially at 40%, served as the main indicator.