The poor economic situation accompanying the transition process in Uzbekistan after the collapse of the Soviet Union resulted in a lower birth rate of 30.9 per 1,000 population. Uzbekistan is, however, still the country with the highest population growth rate amongst the central Asian republics and Kazakhstan. It is especially the health of women, which, because of poor working conditions, and too many pregnancies, gives cause for concern. 80% of pregnant women are anaemic and undernourished, resulting in higher morbidity and mortality amongst infants. In addition, preventive health services in Uzbekistan have deteriorated.
The overall project objective was to improve the health status and raise the prevalence of modern contraceptives, resulting in a decrease in population growth in the long term. The project was carried out by EPOS Health Consultants in consortium with the Procurement Services Division of GOPA Consultants. The financial assistance through KfW was in part intended to complement technical assistance for family planning in the oblasts Namangan and Tashkent, financed by GTZ and executed by EPOS Health Consultants. In order to achieve the project objective, the amount of DM 5 million was made available to the Ministry of Health under KfW grant No. 95 66 381 for the procurement of - contraceptives - vaccines and - medical equipment for public health institutions in the oblasts Tashkent and Namangan.